The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is an independent United States government agency established by the Communications Act of 1934. The FCC's rules and regulations ensure that all American households have access to high quality communication mediums. Such rules are in Title 47 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), which are published and maintained by the Government Printing Office. Most FCC rules are adopted by a process known as "notice and comment" rulemaking. Under that process, the FCC gives the public notice that it is considering adopting or modifying rules on any given subject and seeks the public's comment. The Commission considers the comments received in developing final rules.