Cleanroom testing and certification is vital for contamination-free research and manufacturing, as well as efficient operation and financial saving. Manufacturers of semiconductors, flat panel displays, and memory drives have extremely high requirements, and biotech and pharmaceutical companies, medical device manufacturers, healthcare facilities and other organizations that produce, store and test their products are regulated by law. The sensitive technologies handled in cleanrooms require careful vigilance—a single speck of dust, for example, has the potential to destroy a semiconductor’s microscopic electronic components. To maintain a controlled environment, cleanrooms are pressurized with filtered air, regulated by ISO, IEST and cGMP standards, and tested annually with the following methods and equipment.
Cleanroom Tests & Cleanroom Test Equipment
The measurement of particles in the air is essential to a cleanroom setting. Particle counters are the ideal tool; these highly sensitive devices index how many particulates of a specified sizes are present. Most counters can be adjusted to the allowable threshold of the particle sizes. Ensuring the cleanroom always meets standards requires the installation of a continuous monitor particle counter that is always running. This practice is essential to maintaining a controlled environment and protecting products or equipment from contamination. The process of how particle counting should be performed
is defined in ISO 14644-3.
Portable particle counters can be utilized for continuous monitoring, but they and handheld particle counters are typically used in the authentication and confirmation of the continuous monitoring counter and in localizing the source of particles. A variety of manufactures, including Particle Measuring Systems, Fluke, and Met One, supply cleanroom particle counters
with top models like:
Temperature and Humidity Testing
Temperature and humidity tests assess the ambient temperature and air humidity of the cleanroom, which can influence corrosion, hardening, expansion, or the growth of microorganisms on materials. Precision in temperature and humidity is therefore crucial to cleanrooms. Some particle counters incorporate humidity measurement in their systems, but a temperature and humidity meter alone can also do the trick. A temperature and humidity meter measures both qualities with the option to plot and analyze levels over time. ISO 14644-3 requires cleanroom ventilation systems to maintain a strict temperature and humidity within limit values necessary for the cleanroom’s applications.
Depending on your preferred manufacturer, there are a variety of temperature and humidity meters that can perform testing in a cleanroom. We recommend the Fluke 975V AirMeter with Velocity Probe
because it performs both temperature and humidity testing along with air flow and velocity. Learn more
about the operation of temperature and humidity meters, and consider these meters as well:
Airflow Volume, Velocity and Pressurization
Proper airflow and the velocity of the air coming in and out of the cleanroom is necessary for maintaining accurate air patterns. Faulty ventilation systems drastically effect controlled environments, so testing to verify air volume, velocity and pressure changes is a must. Products like the Fluke 975V are designed specifically to perform these tests. In addition to proper airflow, pressurization monitoring of the room determines whether the differential pressure of the cleanroom is in accordance to design. Cleanroom standards determine levels of cleanroom and the proper pressurization help maintain their status.
HEPA Filter Integrity Testing
HEPA filter integrity tests are performed to determine if there are leaks in the high-efficiency particulate arrestance (HEPA) filters which remove contaminants and establish a specified level of particles is present in the cleanroom. HEPA filter tests are performed with photometers, which allow the user to scan for pinhole leaks that could transmit contaminant particles. A photometer measures the light intensity of an unknown source in comparison with a standard source. ISO 14644-3 and CGMP both mandate HEPA filter leak tests.
Other Cleanroom Tests
- Air balancing - adjusts airflow in the air handling systems to achieve design specifications, room air exchange rates & pressure cascade
- Viable environmental monitoring (EM) - includes airborne and surface microbial tests
- Lights testing – ensure the comfort of workers in a properly lit environment
- Sound testing – protect employees from extreme noise levels in the manufacturing cleanroom environment
- Compressed gas testing - assures compressed gas sources meet the requirements of the controlled environment for contamination and microorganisms
- Other cleanroom tests as per IEST and/or ISO
- ISO 1644-3
- US FED STD 209E(FS209)
- Current Good Manufacturing Practices (cGMP)
- Institute of Environmental Sciences Technologies (IEST)
Performing cleanroom testing is streamlined with an experienced rental company to guide you. ATEC will equip you with NIST traceable calibrated instruments from leading manufacturers for an affordable rental rate. Call today to speak with a specialized team member who will help you to the right equipment, fulfill your standards and craft a rental solution that meets your deadlines.