MIL-STD-461G CS118 is the electrostatic discharge testing procedure for conducted susceptibility testing as specified by MIL-STD-461G. The ESD levels, test setup and test equipment of MIL-STD-461G CS118 are similar to IEC 61000-4-2 and RTCA/DO-160. To see the full version of MIL-STD-461G CS118, view MIL-STD-461G.
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For All 30kV Regulated Applications:
This requirement applies to electrical, electronic, and electromechanical subsystems and equipment that have a man-machine interface. It does not apply to equipment that interfaces with or controls ordnance items.
The EUT shall not exhibit any malfunction, degradation of performance, or deviation from specified indications, beyond the tolerances indicated in the individual equipment or subsystem specification when subjected to the values shown Table CS118-1. Contact up to 8kV is the required method. Air discharges shall be required only if specified by the procuring activity.
This test procedure is used to verify the ability of the EUT to withstand personnel borne electrostatic discharge (ESD) in a powered-up configuration:
- ESD Simulator Gun
- LISN or other Isolation Transformer
- GP: Ground Reference Plane (Aluminum or Sheet Metal)
- HCP: Horizontal Plane (Aluminum or Sheet Metal)
- VCP: Vertical Coupling Plane (Aluminum or Sheet Metal)
- 470 kOhm Resistor Cables to mount from HCP/VCP to GP
- Insulation Material (Polyvinyl Chloride preferred material)
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The test equipment shall be as follows:
- ESD Generator, adjustable from ±2kV to ±15kV (minimum range), see Figure CS118-1 and Table X for simplified ESD generator characteristics.
- ESD network, 150 picofarads (pF) capacitance, 330 ohm discharge resistance.
- Contact discharge tip Figure CS118-2.
- Air discharge tip Figure CS118-2.
- Electrostatic voltmeter.
- Oscilloscope, single event bandwidth ≥ 1 GHz.
- ESD current target, input resistance 2 ±5% ohms, Figure CS118-3.
- Attenuator, 20 dB.
- Coaxial cable, 50 ohm impedance, ≤ 1 meter.
- Metallic ground plane.
- Ionizer or one (1) megohm resistor (1MΩ±10%).
The test procedures shall be as follows:
- a. Maintaining ESD Generator’s ground strap length used in 184.108.40.206c, ground the ESD Generator to the EUT’s chassis ground point in the test setup.
- b. The EUT shall be powered and operating during this test in a manner sufficient to verify its operation.
- (1) Set the ESD generator’s tip voltage to the selected test level as specified in Table VIII.
- (2) Apply five (5) positive discharges and five (5) negative discharges to each EUT test point as discussed in test point selection in 220.127.116.11 (b).
- (3) Apply the discharges using the following techniques:
- (a) For contact discharges, place the ESD simulator tip directly on the test point and discharge the ESD simulator.
- (b) For air discharges, start at a distance from the test point where no discharge occurs as the ESD simulator is energized, and slowly move the tip perpendicular towards the test point at a rate no faster than 0.3 m per second (0.3m/sec) until the discharge occurs or the tip physically contacts the test point. In between discharges, remove the residual charge from the test point by briefly grounding the test point through a one (1) Megohm (1MΩ ± 10%) resistor, use of ionizer, or by waiting for the charge to dissipate.
- NOTE: Not all voltage levels may result in a discharge onto a dielectric surface. If the test point withstands the voltage, the requirement is met for that test point.
- (4) Monitor the EUT for degradation of performance during testing.
- (5) Repeat for each applicable level in Table VIII.
TABLE VIII. ESD test levels & Table IX ESD simulator contact discharge current verification values.
TABLE X. ESD generator general specifications & FIGURE CS118-1
FIGURE CS118-2. Discharge electrodes of the ESD generator & FIGURE CS118-3. Sample ESD current target schematic representation.
FIGURE CS118-4. Ideal contact discharge current waveform at 8 kV & FIGURE CS118-5. Measurement system check setup, tip voltage verification.
FIGURE CS118-6. Measurement system check setup, discharge current verification.
Products Used in Testing:
Haefely ONYX 30 kV Electrostatic Discharge ESD Simulator
The Haefely ONYX 30 kV Electrostatic Discharge ESD Simulator is an ergonomic ESD gun without an additional base control unit that can be battery or mains operated. An easy to use touch screen, ergonomic design, modular RC units...