AEN 134: OTDR Testing Basic


ANSI/IEEE C62.41: IEEE Recommended Practice on Surge Voltages in Low-Voltage AC Power Circuits

The purpose of this recommended practice is to provide information on surge voltages in low-voltage ac power circuits. With this information, equipment designers and users can evaluate their operating environment to determine their need for surge-protective devices. The document characterizes electrical distribution systems in which surges exist, based upon the data that have been recorded in interior locations on single-phase and three-phase residential, commercial, and industrial power distribution systems.

There are no specific models that are representative of all surge environments; the complexities of the real world need to be simplified to produce a manageable set of standard surge tests. To this end, a surge environment classification scheme is presented. This classification provides a practical basis for the selection of surge-voltage and surge-current waveforms and amplitudes that may be applied to evaluate the surge withstand capability of equipment connected to these power circuits. It is important to recognize that proper coordination of equipment capability and environment characteristics is required: each environment and the equipment to be protected has to be characterized and the two reconciled.

The surges considered in this document do not exceed a one-half period of the normal mains waveform in duration. They may be periodic or random events and may appear in any combination of line, neutral, or grounding conductors. They include those surges with amplitudes, durations, or rates of change sufficient to cause equipment damage or operational upset. While surge-protective devices acting primarily on the amplitude of the voltage are often applied to divert the damaging surges, the upsetting surges may require other remedies.

Retrieved from IHS 10-31-2013

Products Used in Testing:

EM TEST EM Test NX5 Multifunctional Test Generator

The EM Test NX5 Multifunctional Test Generator is a multifunctional transient immunity test system capable of simulating a variety of transients, including EFT/burst transients according to IEC 61000-4-4, surge waves with...

EM TEST EM Test UCS 500N7 Multifunctional Test Generator

The UCS 500N7 ultra-compact simulator is the most versatile tester to cover transient and power fail requirements according to international standards (basic and generic standards) and product/ product family standards with...

Haefely Haefely AXOS 8 Compact Conducted Immunity Test System

The Haefely AXOS 8 compact is a conducted susceptibility test system that brings together all of the following EMC tests: surge combination (IEC 61000-4-5), EFT/Burst (IEC 61000-4-4), voltage dips/interrupts (IEC 61000-4-11...

Haefely Haefely PIM 110 Ring Wave Impulse Module

Safety is paramount with surge impulses. The PIM 110 High Voltage connections are all linked into the System Safety Concept which prevents high voltage plugs or cables from exposing operators to potentially lethal voltages...

Teseq Teseq NSG 3150 Combination Wave Surge Generator | 15 kV

The Teseq NSG 3150 is a surge generator solution for IEC/EN 61000-4-5 standards. Particularly suited for outdoor use, this model is essential for evaluating various systems such as lighting, communications, and energy...

Thermo Fisher Scientific Thermo Keytek ECAT E510A 10 kV Combo Wave Surge Simulator

The Thermo Keytek ECAT E510A 10 kV Combo Wave Surge Simulator is a plug-in module for the Thermo Keytek ECAT Modular EMC Test System to produce the combo wave specified by ANSI/IEEE C62.41 Cat. B, IEC 61000 4-5 to 10kV and 5kA....

Thermo Fisher Scientific